Whilst China, India and the United States are far bigger cotton growers, Egypt still produces some of the finest cotton in the world. The reason for this is down to the Nile River valley. The Nile provides the ideal setting for cotton production and has enabled growers to raise long and extra long staple varieties. The rarest and most prized of these cottons is Giza. Esteemed as the finest Egyptian cotton, Giza is grown in a small area to the north-east of the Nile Delta close to the river. Here, the combination of humidity, sunlight and nutrient rich soil provide the ideal growing conditions for this very special Egyptian cotton. Seeds are planted in April when it’s mild and then harvested in September to allow the plants to reach maturity. Representing around 0.5% of Egypt’s cotton production, Giza cotton is carefully picked by hand, rather than using mechanical harvesting and this ensures the fibres inside the cotton bolls are protected and remain intact.
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What is so unique about the cotton is down to the quality of the fibres. The growing condition and variety of plant means Giza cotton has extremely long staple fibres, greater than 36mm with a very high uniformity. The fibres are ultra fine and when spun into a yarn, the diameter is smaller than other cotton types. This means that more threads per square inch can be used to create a stronger fabric with less weight.
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There are a few varieties for Giza cotton, but we selected the Giza 87 for its softness, high uniformity and stretch resistance. We offer both a sateen and a percale, which are woven in mills in Italy that can handle the extremely fine fibres. Our Sateen has a high thread count of 1000. This is only achievable due to the long fine fibres of the Giza cotton. The cotton has then been mercerised to give it a soft, silky feel and a lustrous sheen. The sheen will soften with each wash over time, but the sheets remain incredibly soft and comfortable throughout their life.
Our percale in a 500 thread count has a different look and feel, despite being woven from the same Giza cotton. Ultra lightweight, it has a matte appearance and the combination of a lower thread count and extremely fine fibres means the cotton sheets have greater breathability than the sateen. This is the ultimate percale, with gentle crispness and unrivalled softness not normally associated with this type of material.
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Both our Sateen and Percale Giza materials are cut and sewn at our supplier in the south of England. The finishing is key for this luxury cotton, to showcase its unique properties. So, if your preference is for soft and smooth, lightweight sheets, Giza cotton could be the perfect partner to your Savoir bed.